The population of city Makkah is too high. Most of the people there are concentrated in the old city, a compare to this densities in the modern residential areas are the relatively lowest in the city. In the month of pilgrimage Hajj the city is swollen with about two million worshippers that come from other areas of Saudi Arabia and also Muslim come from many different corners of the world. Entrance into the Holy Makkah is only permitted to followers of religion Islam that are Muslims, non-Muslim are not allowed to enter in Makkah. Makkah is included one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world; it contains people from different countries of the globe. People of the same national and are from same origin tend to live together in different parts of the city.
Arabic city Makkah, located in western Saudi Arabia, located in the Mountains of Ṣirat, inland from the Red Sea coast. It is considered the holiest city in Islam. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born in city Makkah, and city Makkah is the religious centre of religion Islam and Muslims turn daily five times towards Holy Kaaba for performing namaz. All physical and financially able Muslims visit Makkah in order to perform pilgrimage Umrah and Hajj at least once in their whole life. Makkah is a sacred city, only Muslims can enter to the city. Makkah city is now going through vast improvements and developments. The area around the Holy Kaaba was cleared, the Masjid-ul-Haram is enlarged, sanitation and housing improved, and the transportation facilities also enhanced. As a result, Makkah can now accommodate the vast number of continually increasing number of pilgrims coming from throughout the world. City Makkah is situated at a height of 909 feet above sea level. It is surrounded by the Mountains of Ṣirat, the peaks of which include Jabal Mount, which rises to approx 1,332 feet, and Mount Abu Qubais. Mount Hira rises to 2,080 feet towards the northeast and it contains a cave in which Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) sought isolation before He became a prophet. It was also the same cave where Prophet (PBUH) received the first revelation of the Holy Quran. South of the city Makkah their Mount Thawr contains the cave in which the Prophet (PBUH) secreted from Makkans enemies during the Hijrat to city Madina, it is the event that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
Entrance to the city Makkah is through 4 gaps in the surrounding mountains. These gaps also defined the direction of the modern and contemporary expansion of the city. Animals and Plants are very scarce. Natural vegetation includes tamarisks and different kinds of acacia. Wild animals include wolves, wild cats, hyenas, foxes, mongooses etc.
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