Objectives of Umrah:
- To learn the significance of Umrah.
- To learn the essential conditions associated with it.
- To learn how to perform Umrah.
Few Arabic Terms:
- Hajj– A pilgrimage to Holy city Makkah where the pilgrim performs a set of rituals. The Hajj is one of the five basic pillars of Islam, which every adult Muslim should undertake at least once in their life if a person can afford it and are also physically able.
- Ihram– A state in which one is forbidden to practice certain deeds that are legal at other times. It is essential when performing the rites of Hajj and Umrah.
- Izaar– A piece of garment used as a waist-wrapper both by women and men.
- Jihad– a struggle, to use effort in a certain matter, and may refer to a lawful war.
- HolyKabah – The cube-shaped structure located in the city of Makkah. It serves as a central point (qibla) towards which all Muslims face when performing namaz.
- Mehram– a person, woman or man related to a particular individual by blood, father, brother or husband etc. One she is not permitted to marry, such as the father, uncle, nephew etc.
- Meeqat– A station wherein pilgrim would put on the clothing of Ihram and enter the state of Ihram.
- Niqab– Face veil.
- Ridaa– A piece of garment (sheet etc.) worn around the upper part of the body.
- Saaee– It is the running and walking between the hills of Safa and Marwa.
- Safa andMarwa – Hills between which people walk and run while performing the Umrah.
- Talbiyah– The proclamation Muslims recite during the pilgrimage Umrah and Hajj.
- Tawaaf or circumambulation– Circumambulation around the Holy Kabah. It is done in seven rounds or circuits.
- Umrah– A pilgrimage to the Holy House of ALLAH Almighty in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is also referred to as the lesser or minor pilgrimage. It can be performed at any time of the whole year.
Pillars of Umrah
There are 3 basic pillars of Umrah:
Ihram refers to a condition that one enters, wherein one is completely forbidden from doing certain things. These include applying perfume, cutting hair or clipping nails and covering the head. A man wears two sheets in Ihram called “Izaar” and “Ridaa” and he must leave his head uncovered. The “Ridaa” covers the upper part of the men’s body, while, the “Izaar” covers the lower part of the men’s body.
A woman can wear her regular garments, but she must not wear gloves or a “niqaab”.
It is the circumambulation around the Holy Kabah. A person does this 7 times.
It is the running and walking between the hills of Safa and Marwa.
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