1. Unityof ALLAH Almighty (Tauheed)
Acknowledgment of the Oneness of ALLAH Almighty is the most significant principle of Islam, being the foundation of the belief and the basis for salvation. The most emphasized aspect of ALLAH Almighty in Islam is His Unity. The Kalimah Tayyaba is the essential doctrine of Islam.
To refuse ALLAH’S Oneness and to associate any other with Him (shirk) is the gravest sin in Islam. He is the only Creator of the universe, and nothing can happen in it without His knowledge and His consent. One entire chapter of the Holy Quran (Sura Al-Ikhlas) is devoted wholly to ALLAH’S Oneness:
Say, “He is ALLAH, [who is] One, ALLAH, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”
- Angels (Malai’kah)
Islam requires faith in angels (farishtay). They are spiritual beings created by ALLAH Almighty to obey Him and carry out His commandments. Unlike man, angels (farishtay) have no free will and can not act separately. They control the forces of nature by ALLAH’S command. Also by ALLAH’S command angels (farishtay) serve as intermediaries in carrying out His will. In this sense they are also referred to as messengers or prophets of ALLAH Almighty. Indeed, amongst their tasks are: to bring heavenly revelations to the prophets; bring punishment on the enemies of prophets’; glorify ALLAH Almighty with His praise.
4 of the most well known angels are: Gabriel (Hazrat Jibraeel AS), Michael (Hazrat Mikaeel AS), Raphael (Hazrat Israfeel AS) and Israel (Hazrat Israeel AS).
- Books (Kutub)
Muslims believe that ALLAH Almighty revealed His laws in phases to mankind through His prophets. Though, Muslims believe that all such revelations were limited to a particular time and people and are not preserved in their original condition except of Holy Quran.
- Prophets (Anbiya)
All of prophets or messengers (rasool) of ALLAH Almighty are believed in and revered by Muslims. The Holy Quran states that ALLAH Almighty sent prophets among the people on every nation, sending Divine messages and warnings through Holy prophets.
Verse 35:25 of Holy Quran;
And if they deny you – then already have those before them denied. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs and written ordinances and with the enlightening Scripture.
Though, just as Muslims believe that the Holy Quran was sent to whole mankind, encompassing the teachings of previous scriptures, so also Muslims believe that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of ALLAH be on him) is the greatest and the Seal of all the prophets, having been sent not to only one nation but to all nations and therefore to all mankind.
- The Day of Judgement (Qayamat)
One of the most emphasized faiths in the Holy Quran is the belief in the Day of Judgement (qayamat). Islam tells that physical death is not the end of man’s existence; rather it is the door to a superior form of life which can bring one closer to ALLAH Almighty, depending on a person’s deeds in this life.
- Divine Decree (Taqdeer)
Muslims believe that Divine Decree controls the ultimate outcome of all actions in this world. In the Holy Quran the term is explained as a universal law of ALLAH Almighty which is working through the entire creation, extending all through the universe.
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